Swedana is derived from Sanskrit word swid which means to perspire. It is also called as steam therapy. It is a pre-procedure for panchakarma therapies where the aim is to dilate the channels of the body to detach the toxins from the tissues. It is a process where sweat is induced with the help of steam generated from medicated herbal decoctions.
Firstly, oil is applied over the body. Herbs depending upon the condition of the person and predominance of the dosha are selected and are kept in a vessel for the generation of the steam. While giving steam, the head and eyes of the patient are covered using wet cotton pads in order to protect them from over heat.
Treatment is continued till the abdomen and forehead sweat very well which is usually attained within 15-20 minutes. After the completion of the procedure and attainment of the required characteristics, the patient is advised to take shower with hot water. After an hour of the therapy the patient is given light, warm and unctuous food to eat.
- Purifies tissue and eliminates toxins from the body
- Helps in detoxifying the kidneys, liver and respiratory system
- Improves blood circulation
- Relieves stiffness
- Improves digestion
- Removes blockage of channels or srotas
- Reduces water retention
- Reduces excess weight gain
Swedana is indicated in the following conditions:-
- Low backache
- Sciatica pain
- Asthma or difficulty in breathing
- Chronic constipation