Diabetes Mellitus – Types, Symptoms & Ayurvedic Treatment

diabetes mellitus


Diabetes Mellitus which is commonly known as Diabetes is a disease which starts when the blood sugar which is also called as “Blood Sugar” is high from the normal range. Blood Sugar is the actual source of energy which is obtained from the food we eat. A hormone namely Insulin, is secreted by the pancreas, which helps the glucose pass into the cells and therefore to be used for energy. When glucose is present in high quantity, it can cause various health problems.

Diabetes can hit anyone. Worldwide, diabetes has been striking more than 422 million people. The leading cause of Renal Failure, Cardiac Arrest or Failure and blindness is Diabetes.

The most common Types of diabetes is

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Apart from the above listed types, the other type of diabetes is Gestational Diabetes which is seen occurring mostly during pregnancy.

Symptoms of Diabetes

The effect and symptoms of diabetes are different in men and women. Among women, the death rate is higher. The composition of diabetes is different to diagnose in women because hormones and inflammation work quite differently in women.

Let’s take a look at the symptoms of women

Some symptoms may be common in men and women, whereas most of the symptoms are unique to a woman only.

Unique Symptoms

Vaginal Infections and Vaginal Thrush: Vaginal Infections and Vaginal Thrush are caused by the presence of high growth of fungus. Such infections are common in women. Symptoms like itching, swelling near crotch, vaginal discharge are a sign of infection. The infections take place due to the presence of high quantity of glucose in the blood.

Urinary Infections: Among women, the risk of Urinary Tract Infection is higher because of diabetes. The infections can cause severe pain while urination, passing out of blood and nebulous urine. One must treat the infections on time otherwise it can lead to Renal Infection. Due to poor circulation of White Blood Cells, UTI is a common symptom in women suffering from diabetes. The white blood cells kill infection as they surpass through the blood.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): When Adrenal Gland starts producing higher level of male hormones, PCOS occurs. Signs of PCOS are as follows:-

  • Irregular Periods
  • Weight Gain
  • Acne
  • Depression

In severe cases, PCOS can lead to infertility.

Symptoms experienced by both men and women are

  • Blurred Vision
  • Increased Thirst
  • Nausea
  • Numbness in hands/feet
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Skin Infection

Treatment of Diabetes

Modern Science

A large number of people have died before 1920s as there was no medication for diabetes. If diabetes is untreated, it may lead to Ketoacidosis (breakdown of fats). The aim is to reduce blood glucose level to normal range. This can be checked by the measurement of HbA1c. Values of HbA1c level should be near to normal range. The most common applied treatment for diabetes is:-

Insulin Therapy: When a diabetic patient becomes unable to extract insulin from itself, the body requires therapy. Insulin therapy demands regular injections for the hormone, which may vary as per the condition of individual. Patients who have been recommended Insulin may also need to take care of their diet, with respect to their daily activities.

Ayurvedic View on Diabetes

Diabetes is known as Madhumeha in the world of Ayurveda. Madhu is derived from the root “MANA” and Meha has been derived from the word Miha which means Vachaspathyam (Excessive Excretion). According to Ayurveda, diabetes is one of the 20 reasons for urinary disorders. If any urinary disorder is ignored, it may end up causing diabetes. More chances of being diabetic can attack people who have below listed problems:-

  • Overweight/ Obese
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Alcohol Intake
  • Women suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Heredity
  • People having high triglycerides

Complications of Diabetes

  • Loss of Sleep
  • Body Ache
  • Constipation
  • Urge to have water
  • Shivering
  • Cardiac Disorder

Ayurvedic Treatment

According to Ayurveda, there are 2 traditional therapy must for diabetes.

De-Nourishment Therapy: If a patient is obese, this therapy is prescribed. The patient must take anti diabetic herbal medicines, as they help in the removal of fats and also help in the evacuation of toxins.

One can follow below given therapies:

  • Exercise
  • Cleansing Therapies
  • Panchkarma

Nourishment Therapy: This therapy is implied on the patients who are under weight due to the lack of various essential nutrients. This therapy is a precaution for further damage and makes sure complete healing and repair. This is processed by:-

  • Nourishing Massage
  • Oil Massage

Addition of Ayurvedic Herbs such as Ashwagandha Capsules, Vidari, Shatavari, Aloe Vera Juice can help in controlling blood sugar range.

Guduchi Kwatha: Mix the juice of heart leaved moonseed with honey.

Anti Diabetic Foods

  • Bitter Melon
  • Fenugreek
  • Turmeric
  • Neem
  • Blue berry
  • Horse Gram

Food To Be Avoided

  • Oil
  • Jaggery
  • Sour Beverages
  • Alcohol
  • Food with Carbohydrate
  • Day Sleep
  • New Grains
  • Alkali’s
  • Ghee

Why Are Ayurvedic Products Better?

An Ayurvedic physician is very well known about the body problems and can heal any kind of problem, be it a simple fever or a major one. He takes into consideration entire body.

  • Ayurveda believes in curing at the end. It cures all forms of diseases which modern medicines cannot cure.
  • Ayurveda has no side effects on the patients once the treatment is over.
  • On contrary, modern medicines has “n” number of side effects after the completion of treatment and the side effects caused need to b treated further with other medicines


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