Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an autosomal recessive genetic blood disorder as well as an inherent blood disorder in which red blood cells become rigid and form crescent shape like a sickle cell. This causes blockage in blood supply and oxygen to the different parts of the body.

It occurs more commonly in people belonging to tropical and sub tropical regions. It causes severe anemia and various complications in the body that shortens the human life.


Sickle cell anemia is caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin S. the normal type of hemoglobin is called hemoglobin a. Hemoglobin is a protein inside red blood cells that carries oxygen. The abnormal hemoglobin destructs the shape of the RBCs especially when the cells are exposed to low oxygen. As a result the RBCs shrink like crescents or sickles and fail to deliver oxygen in the body or delivers inadequate oxygen in the body. The irregular sickled cells can also block blood vessels causing tissue and organ damage and pain in various body parts.

As per Ayurveda, it is caused due to following reasons:-

  1. Excessive intake of salt, alkali
  2. Habitual intake of horse gram, black gram, legumes, sesame oil, tubers etc.
  3. Intake of sour curd, vinegar and other sour fermented liquids
  4. Use of incompatible food items like milk products and non vegetarian food
  5. Sleeping immediately after having heavy meals
  6. Excessive anger, exposure to direct sunlight or direct wind
  7. Suppressing the natural urges of urination or defaecation
  8. Having meal without the proper digestion of the previous meal


  • Anemia or pale skin
  • Pain in chest, abdomen and joints
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Slow growth and development in infants and children
  • Delayed puberty in teenagers or delayed growth
  • Difficulty in breathing or breathlessness
  • Obstruction of blood flow to spleen and liver
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Ulcers on the lower legs
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • People with sickle cell anemia are more prone to develop infections and other fevers
  • Weakness in arms and legs
  • Difficulty in walking and running
  • Problems in vision


According to Ayurveda, sickle cell anemia is cased due to beejadosha that is due to abnormality in sperm and ovum. Beejadosha leads to blockage or impairment of raktavaha strotas which further leads to malfunctioning of the blood cells.

Ayurvedic line of treatment in this disease emphasizes on:-

  1. Strengthening body tissues
  2. Assisting in the formation of haemoglobin
  3. Removing toxins from the body so as to ensure proper circulation within the channels of the body
  4. Improving the energy of the body and maintaining overall health

Single ayurvedic herbs that are useful in this case are:-

  • Punarnava
  • Giloy
  • Haridra
  • Bhumyamalaki
  • Shallaki
  • Guggulu
  • Triphala
  • Trikatu
  • Yashtimadhu
  • Tulsi
  • Pippali

Ayurvedic formulations recommended in this condition are:-

  • Punarnava Mandoor
  • Loha Bhasma
  • Yograj Guggulu
  • Navayasa Loha
  • Shilajeet Vati
  • Triphala Guggulu
  • Punarnavadi Guggulu
  • Swarna Makshika Bhasma
  • Arogyavardhini vati


  • Have 7-8 glasses of water every day to prevent dehydration.
  • Do not climb high altitudes without extra oxygen.
  • Reduce stress.
  • Have sufficient rest and warmth.
  • Perform regular physical activity to stay healthy.
  • Avoid extreme hot or cold weather conditions.
  • Avoid smoking or avoid exposure to smoke conditions.
  • Avoid conditions such as crowded places as they increase the risk of infections.


  • Mix one cup of pomegranate juice, one fourth teaspoon of cinnamon powder and two teaspoons of honey. Drink this daily before breakfast.
  • Blend one medium sized beetroot, three carrots and half of a sweet potato. Drink this juice atleast once a day.
  • Soak two dry dates in a cup of milk overnight. Eat the soaked dates in the morning on an empty stomach. Also drink the milk.
  • Soak some sesame seeds in water for atleast two hours. Strain and crush the seeds to get the paste. Add honey to this paste and mix well. Have this paste atleast twice a day.


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