Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s blood sugar level is too high. Normally, food is broken down into glucose and carries it to the cells and tissues of the body. Insulin is a hormone produced the pancreas. It facilitates the movement of glucose from the blood to the liver, muscles and fat cells.
Two types of diabetes are:
- Type 1 Diabetes: This type is caused due to incapability of the body to produce insulin
- Type 2 Diabetes: This type of diabetes is caused because body becomes resistant towards insulin
Poorly managed diabetes can lead to:
- Heart attacks
- Blindness or vision problems
- Itching all over body
- Impotence in males
- Lack of exercise
- Due to mental stress and strain
- Due to excessive sleep
- Due to excessive intake of high fat and carbohydrate diet like fats, sugar, potatoes, rice
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy also results in diabetes
A person with diabetes experiences following symptoms:
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Increased frequency of urine
- Foul smell in the urine
- Blurred vision
- Loss of weight
- Tiredness in the weight
- Skin and vaginal infections
- Burning sensation in the hands and feet
- Delayed healing of cuts and wounds
- Sweetness in the mouth
- Extreme fatigue
AYURVEDIC VIEW AND TREATMENT ACCORDING TO CHANDIGARH AYURVED CENTRE
According to Ayurveda, diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to make proper use of glucose resulting in high blood sugar level known as hyperglycemia. It is compared with Prameha in ayurveda. Prameha is caused due to the imbalance of all the three doshas mainly kapha dosha. Ayurveda explains twenty types of Prameha- 4 Vataja Prameha, 6 Pittaja Prameha and 10 Kaphaja Prameha. Chronic form of the Prameha is known as Madhumeha.
Single herbs useful in Prameha are:
- Bela patra
Ayurvedic formulations for Prameha are:
- Madhumehantak Churna
- Shilajeet Vati
DIET AND LIFESTYLE
- Eat 8-10 blackberries daily
- Lower the consumption of sugar in your diet.
- Avoid the intake of sugary substances like sweets, cakes, pastries and chocolates.
- Eating smaller portions of the food, spread over the day.
- Eat a variety of whole grain foods and vegetables every day.
- Use less salt in your diet.
- Limit the amount of alcohol intake.
- Eat less fat and carbohydrate rich diet.
- Avoid eating rice, potato, sweet fruits, maida, and deep fried foods.
- Include protein rich food like chickpea, moong, lentils, masoor, chana dal and soya bean products.
- Include vegetables like spinach, leafy greens, bottle gourd, pumpkin, bitter gourd in your diet.
- Cereals like green millet, ragi, corn and barley should be taken.
- Eat food at regular intervals.
- Do not overeat.
- Exercise for half to one hour daily.
- Avoid smoking.
- Take adequate sleep and rest.
- Make sure that you maintain an ideal body weight.
- Take 4-5 bitter gourds. Remove the covering and seeds and crush them to obtain a paste. Press the obtained paste on a sieve and extract the juice. Drink this juice on an empty stomach every morning.
- Boil about one litre of water and let it simmer for about 20 minutes on the low flame. While simmering, add three teaspoons of cinnamon powder. Strain the mixture and drink the entire amount of this water every day.
- Soak about four tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in 250 ml of water overnight. Crush them in the morning. Strain the mixture and collect the water. Drink this water every day for about two months.
- Mix half teaspoon turmeric powder, half tablespoon methi seeds powder and one teaspoon amla powder in half a glass of water. Take this daily on an empty stomach in the morning. This helps in maintaining the normal blood sugar level.
- Mix and grind seeds of fenugreek, turmeric and white pepper. Take one teaspoon of this powder with a glass of milk twice a day daily.
- Keep 10 tulsi leaves, 10 neem leaves and 10 belpatras in a glass of water for some time. Drink this early morning on an empty stomach. This helps in keeping the blood sugar level within the normal limits.