Parkinson’s disease is a neurological degenerative disorder affecting 1% of the population in the elderly people. It is characterized by the degeneration of the central nervous system, thereby affecting the motor skills of the patient. It symbolizes the loss of dopamine producing brain cells, resulting in a group of conditions called motor system disorders.
Parkinson’s disease is caused by one or more environmental factors, inherited susceptibility to the disease like the inheritance of the chromosome 4 gene. Presence of free radicals also lead to the development of the Parkinson’s disease.
- Trembling in fingers, hands, arms, feet, legs, jaw and head. Tremors most often occur in rest position and may even worsen when excited, tired or stressed.
- Pill rolling tremor where the thumb and fingers move uncontrollably in a manner resembling the rolling of a pill between the fingers.
- Passive movements of the limbs known as cogwheel rigidity
- Stiffness in the limbs and trunk. Rigidity may even lead to muscle aches and pain.
- Loss of fine hand movements which may lead to cramped handwriting and may make eating 5z4
- Difficult to adjust posture to maintain balance.
- Shuffling walk with a stooped position known as festinating gait and a diminished or absent arm swing
- Anxiety, stress, depression
- Memory loss
- Mask like face expression
- Small handwriting
AYURVEDIC VIEW AND TREATMENT ACCORDING TO CHANDIGARH AYURVED CENTRE
According to Ayurveda, Parkinson’s disease is compared with Kampavata. It is also known as vepana, vepathu, spandhana, sphurana etc. It is caused by the imbalance of the vata dosha in the body.
When apana vayu gets accumulated and aggravated, it leads to the condition of constipation. When this gets combined with the vata aggravating diet and lifestyle, vata overflows into the channels which in turn disturbs the rasa dhatu or any other weak dhatu. When this weakness resides in the brain stem, it causes altered coordination and tremors, when vata dosha disturbs the mansa dhatu, it causes symptoms like rigidity or if it has entered manovahi srotas it causes depression.
Line of treatment for Parkinson’s disease in Ayurveda is based on the following principles:-
- Correcting the vata dosha imbalance through snehan (Oleation) and fomentation (swedana)
- Administration of external (including panchakarma therapies) and internal drugs (like Ashwagandha, kapikacchu etc.) in different forms to balance the vata dosha
- Using rasayan preparations for rejuvenating the cells and tissues of the body
Single herbs that are useful in Parkinson’s disease are:-
- Aloe vera
Ayurvedic formulations useful in this disease are:-
- Ashwagandha Avaleh
- Kauncha Pak
- Ahwagandhadi Churna
- Dashmoola Churna
- Tagaradi Churna
- Brahmi Vati
- Guduchi Satva
- Triphala Churna
- Dhatupoushtik Churna
- Vishmushtik Vati
- Manas Mitra Vati
- Noni juice
- Brodley Syrup
Panchakarma therapies that can be done in a patient of Parkinson’s disease are:-
- Sarvanga Abhyanga
- Shiro Abhyanga
- Shiro Vasti
- Patra Pinda Sweda
- Nasya karma
- Niruha Vasti and Anuvasana Vasti
DIET AND LIFESTYLE
- Include high fiber foods in your diet such as green leafy vegetables, fruits, cereals, bran etc.
- Avoid food that has a lot of cholesterol or saturated fat in it.
- Limit the intake of salt and sugar in your diet.
- Increase the intake of water. Have at least 8-10 glasses of water every day.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol intake.
- Practice yoga exercises such as brahmari pranayama to cure the disease.
- Prepare 5 grams of garlic paste and 5 ml of sesame oil. Add a pinch of black salt. Take this twice a day to balance the vata dosha.
- Take 20 grams each of Giloy, Rasna, adrak, Punarnava. Prepare a decoction of the above herbs mixing 10 ml of castor oil in it. Take this twice a day to pacify the vata dosha in the colorectal region.
- Take one teaspoon of Ashwagandha churna with milk at least two times a day. It has rejuvenating property and at the same time it acts as a nervine tonic.