Brihati is a medicinal plant. Its Sanskrit synonyms like Varthaki, Chudrabhuntaki, Mahti, Kuli, Hinguli, Rashtrika, Sinhi, Mahishtri, mischief, big kateri, Vanbhanta etc. In Hindi it is called Badi Kateri, Badi Bhatkataiya, Badi Kanteli, Bhanta in Bengali, Tikta Began, Mothi Dolari in Marathi, DabhiBhotriani in Gujarati, Cheruchunt in Tamil and Solanum Indicum in Latin.
Vratti is used a lot in Ayurveda. It is one of the ten roots used in Dashmool Dashmula. This miniature panch is in the original LaghuPancha Mula which has four other roots, Shalaparni, Pashniparni, Chhoti Kateri and Gokharu. Dashmool is a very good medicine used in the treatment of inflammation and gout in the body. It has fever / fever and inflammation reducing properties. Dashmool is also very useful in cough, gas, loss of appetite, tiredness, poor digestion, recurring headache, parkinson’s, back pain, sciatica, dry cough, etc.
Brihati is an important medicinal plant and extensively used in Ayurveda. Some other common names of this plant include Bhantaki, Bari kateri, Kateli, Kshudra bhantaaki, Mahati, Mahotika, Vartaki, Vrihati, Kataai Kalaan, Mullamkatti, Papparamulli and Barahantaa. It is one of the ten roots (comes under Laghu panchamula) of famous Dashmula (group of ten roots), an excellent formulation for inflammatory conditions.
Vernacular names / Synonyms
- Scientific name: Solanum indicum
- Sanskrit: Akranta, Asprasi, Bahupatri, Bhantaki, Brahati, Brihatika, Dovadi, Dusparsa, Hinguli, Kshudrabhanta, Kshudrabhantaki, Kshudravartaki, Kuli, Mahati, Mahatikranta, Mahotika, Sinhi, Sinhika, Tprani, Vanavrintaki, Vartaki, Vyaghri
- Assamese: Tilabhakuri
- Bengali: Byakud, Byakura, Brihati Begun, Baikur, Byakur, Gurkamai, Phutki, Phutki Begoon, Tit Begun
- English: Indian Night Shade, Poison Berry, Solanum
METHOD OF USING BRIHATI
Putting bitter juice on the tongue causes nervousness in the tongue, pricking in the tongue, irritating eye secretions from the mouth, nose such as dry ginger, black pepper, pippali, red chilli etc. Tikta rasa, is one that is hard to put on the tongue, does not feel good, tastes bitter, does not know the taste of other substances, such as neem, kutki. It is itself distasteful, but removes the anorexia caused by fever etc. It destroys pitta-kaphaz diseases including worms, cravings, poisons, leprosy, faintness, fever, utklesh / ji michlana, jalaan. Excess intake of this juice leads to metallicity and gout.
Action / Karma
- Deepana: Promote appetite but do not aid in digesting undigested food
- Grahi: Inspissants; stomachic, digestive and heating qualities dry the fluids of the body
- Kanthya: Expectorant, good for throat
- Kandughna: Gives relief in itching
- Krimighna: Destroys worms
- Kaphahara: Pacifies Kapha Dosha
- Mutral: Diuretics, increase the flow of urine
- Pachan: Assist in digesting undigested food, but do not increase the appetite
- Shothhar: reduces inflammation
- Shulaghna: Gives relief in pain
Medicinal uses :
Brihati is mainly a medicine for respiratory diseases, phlegm, vata, anorexia, inflammation and pancreatic diseases. It is beneficial for the heart, warm, digestive, bitter and relaxing in pain. Its use clears blood and increases the amount of urine.
It is a good medicine for throat and removes hiccups.
It is Kaphagn, Jawaraghna, Leprosy, and Kapha-Vata sedative.
Making a decoction of its root gives good results in difficult labor, as a tonic after delivery, urinary diseases such as pain in urination, intermittent urination, phlegm and respiratory diseases.
To make the decoction, buy dry thick powder of its root from grocer here. Boil 5-6 grams of this powder in a glass of water until the water becomes half a cup and then filter it.
It does not have a detrimental effect like taking a certain amount of medicine.
- Anti–asthmatic: Treat or prevent asthma attacks.
- Antitussive: Prevent or relieve a cough.
- Anti–inflammatory: Reducing inflammation by acting on body mechanisms.
- Astringents: Constrict tissues; styptic.
- Analgesic: Relieve pain.
- Antipyretic/antifebrile/febrifuge: Effective against fever.
- Antioxidant: Neutralize the oxidant effect of free radicals and other substances.
- Antirheumatic: Alleviating or preventing rheumatism.
- Antispasmodic: Used to relieve spasm of involuntary muscle.
- Anthelmintic: Antiparasitic, expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body.
- Anticatarrhal: Remove excess mucous from the body.
- Aphrodisiac: stimulates sexual desire.
- Carminative: Preventing the formation or causing the expulsion of flatulence.
- Diuretic: Promoting excretion of urine/agent that increases the amount of urine excreted. Useful for dropsy, coughs and catarrhal,
- Depurative: Purifying agent.
- Expectorant: Promotes the secretion of sputum by the air passages, used to treat coughs.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.