- The heart is a muscular organ, situated just behind and slightly left of the breastbone.
- Heart is approximately the size of a closed fist.
- The heart pumps blood through arteries and veins and this system is called the cardiovascular system.
HEART CHAMBER – Heart has four chambers:
- The right atrium – it receives blood from the veins and pumps it to the right ventricle.
- The right ventricle – it receives blood from the right atrium and pumps it to the lungs, where it is loaded with oxygen.
- The left atrium – it receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the left ventricle.
- The left ventricle (the strongest chamber) – pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.
- Coronary artery disease
- Stable angina pectoris
- Unstable angina pectoris
- Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
- Arrhythmia (dysrhythmia):
- Congestive heart failure
- Pericardial effusion
- Atrial fibrillation
- Pulmonary embolism
- Heart valve disease
- Heart murmur
- Mitral valve prolapse
- Sudden cardiac death
- Cardiac arrest
Heart valve – The heart has four valves that keep blood moving the right way by opening only one way and only when they need to. The four valves of the heart are:
Risk factors – Risk factors for developing heart disease include:
- Age – Older age increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.
- Sex – Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease than women. The risk for women increases after menopause.
- Family history – this increases the risk of coronary artery disease.
- Smoking – smoke released carbon monoxide that can damage the inner lining of blood vessels and making people more prone to develop atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are also more common in smokers.
- Poor diet – A diet that is rich in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.
- High blood pressure – Uncontrolled blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows and cause heart attack.
- High blood cholesterol levels – it increase the risk of plaque formation and atherosclerosis.
- Diabetes – Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease. Both conditions have similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
- Obesity – Excess weight is the risk factor of heart diseases.
- Physical inactivity – Lack of exercise associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its risk factors as well.
- Stress – Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
Complications – Complications of heart disease include:
- Heart failure
- Heart attack
- Peripheral artery disease
- Sudden cardiac arrest
- Don’t smoke.
- Regulate high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day.
- Take low in salt and saturated fat diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Reduce and manage stress.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Deal with depression.
Remedies for a healthy heart
- Whole-wheat bread – take some peanut butter on a slice of whole-wheat bread good to heart. 1 slice of whole-wheat bread has eleven mcg of selenium (an antioxidant mineral) that works with vitamin E to protect your heart.
- Wine – Research finding that drinking a glass of alcohol a day may help in the battle against heart disease.
- Calcium – is another heart-healthy nutrient, and milk is not only a calcium-rich food. There are lots of non-dairy foods that are rich in calcium, such as salmon, figs, pinto beans, and okra. A cup of broccoli can supply 90 mg of calcium.
- Chicken – Three ounces of chicken will give you 1/3 of your daily requirement for vitamin B6, is a necessary nutrient for maintaining heart health.
- Salmon – Adding fatty fish reducing the risk of heart disease. 3ounces salmon fish meets daily requirement for vitamin B12, vitamins that helps to keep heart healthy, and it’s a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which lower the level of triglycerides and reduce blood clots that block arteries in the heart.
- Spinach – spinach help to fulfill folic acid needs and it also provide vitamin, B6 and B12. Folic acid can help prevent heart disease.
- Strawberries – these are a good source of vitamin C which is antioxidant important to maintaining a healthy heart. Strawberries are also a good source of fiber and potassium, both important to heart health.
- Sweet potatoes– Sweet potatoes fulfill daily requirements of vitamin A, which is a heart-protecting nutrient, help to maintain healthy heart.
- Garlic – It is full of antioxidants, garlic seems to be able to lessen plaque buildup, reduce the incidence of chest pain, and keep the heart healthy. It also bear mild anticoagulant property that helping in blood thinning.
- Red Yeast Rice – This is an ancient remedy made by mixing fermented rice with yeast to lower the cholesterol level.
- Flax seed – Flax seed is rich in omega 3 fatty acid, which is often a heart smart diet choice. Omega 3s help to lower blood pressure and inflammation. They also contain fiber-rich plant compounds called lignans that reduce cholesterol and plaque buildup in the arteries.
- Vitamin K2 – Vitamin K2 is frequently linked to better heart health. Research showed that diets rich in vitamin K like green leafy, green veggies helped to reduce the risk of death in people who were at high risk for heart disease. It helps to prevent calcium deposition in the arteries and blood vessels.
- Cayenne (Lal Mirch) – Cayenne is used to spice up curries and it is good for heart. This spice contains capsaicin that improve the elasticity of the blood vessels, helping them to stay healthy. It reduces the chances of blood clot formation and also lowers the levels of LDL cholesterol. Overall it improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system and keeps blood pressure in normal range.
- Garlic – Ginger is an herb that promotes heart health. Research shown that ginger is capable of preventing formation of clots, improving blood circulation and lowering LDL cholesterol levels.
- Green Tea – Green tea is rich in epigallocatechingallate which is anticoagulant. This antioxidant improve the health of the cells that form the innermost lining of the blood vessels and the heart. Research shown that green tea reduces the formation of bad cholesterol and prevents rise in blood pressure. Regular consumption keep the heart and blood vessels in good shape.
- Arjuna Bark (Kaugach) – Arjuna tree bark contains several important chemical constituents such as tannins, triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids and these have been found to have a cardio-protective action. According to Ayurveda, Arjuna is strong cardio tonic drug. It also help to lower LDL cholesterol, raise HDL cholesterol in body and maintained blood pressure.
Dr. Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1 Lakh Plus patients worldwide.