Botanical Name: Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC. (Desmodium gangeticum) Syn-Hedysarum gangeticum Linn.
Name in English: Salparni
- Sanskrit-Soumya, Piwari, Guha, Shalparni, Sthira, Devi, Vidariganandha, Gallenga, Longitra, Anshumati; Hindi-Sarivan, Salvan, Gauri;
- Urdu-Shalwan, Shalwan;
- Oriya-Sharpani, Seloporno, Saloporni;
- Kannada-Neviyelabune, Kulakunaaru, Kolapurona, Marul honne;
- Gujarati-Salvan, Salwa;
- Telugu-sappa kapava (Sappa kapava), Gita soft (Gitanaram);
- Bengali-Shalpan, Salpani;
- Punjabi-Shalpurhi, Shalparni, Sarivan;
- Marathi-Salparni, Salwan, Ranbhal;
- Malayalam-Urila, Pullati.
- English-shal leaved desmodium.
It is known as Shalparni due to having similar letters (addresses) to Shal. In the Ayurvedic book Charaka Samhita, the description of Shalparni is found in Rajayakshma, Kshatakshana, Rasayana. According to Acharya Charaka, this substance has been said to be useful in Angamard (pain of limbs), swelling, gout and diseases. This Tridosha is a herb with sedative properties, which is used in the problem of backache, cold, craving, diarrhea and vomiting. Shalparni is used in the herbs of Laghupanchamul present in the Dashmool ie it is counted among the Laghupanchamul drugs.
Botanical introduction – It is found in all parts of India throughout the year. Shalparni is 2 to 4 feet high. Its branches are inclined towards the bottom and are widely spread. The carp of the ax is slightly angled. Addresses are spear-shaped, rectangular and oblong from the front. The length of the addresses is 3 to 6 inches.
Pink or purple flowers are placed on the plant in 6 to 12 inch long, thin floors. Shallaparni pods are half to a quarter of an inch long. It is flattened and crooked on the front which has 6 to 8 joints. The pod sticks quickly to the clothes due to being roasted.
Its juice is sweet and solid and in qualities it is Guru (heavy) and balsamic. After digestion, it is a sweet drug and hot semen in the effect. Due to its medicinal properties, it is considered as Tridosha sedative, Brihan, Rasayana and Karmighan. In Ayurveda medicine, it is used in inflammation, fever, gout, vomiting, breathing, diarrhea, toxins and tuberculosis (TB) etc.
Its almanac and root powder are used in Ayurveda. Consumption of 1 to 2 grams of powder should be used in consultation with the doctor.
Uses and benefits of amalgam
Rheumatic inflammation (swelling) – It is beneficial in all types of gout due to its putative properties.
Fever – Shalparni mitigates pitta due to being sweet and cold. Tikta juice works to digest the defects and sweeten the metal. Therefore, it is a useful substance in the universe. This is particularly useful for the analysis and defect of defects in typhoid fever.
Diarrhea – Deep-digestive deeds from Tiktaras and hot semen, followed by auspicious with Guru and balsamic properties are useful in leprosy vata Warm semen is beneficial in diarrhea.
Kas and breathing – Being melodious and balsamic, it becomes useful in breathing and breathing due to disinterested actions. Brihankarma and urinary damage are caused by the growth of metal with sweet juice. In diseases like TB, it is used for destroying phlegm for the strength and growth of meat.
Poisonous – The mitigation of gout with sweet juice and digestion of faults with liquid juice leads to poisoning.
Sutika disease – Tridosha is the substance. It is beneficial in those who are sick due to its aphrodisiac properties.
Its root (root) is used in diarrhea and food.
Using Trikatu Kshirpak with root of Shalparni is beneficial in diarrhea.
If there is a fear of slaughtering in a pregnant, then applying its root on the navel, habitation and bhagya pradesh of the pregnant provides benefits.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.