The seven-leafed tree is called Saptaparni or Satvin as a tree with seven combined leaves. This tree is known as an evergreen tree with a straight growing trunk, early growth and distinctive branching. Due to its evergreen and attractive habitat, etc., this tree can be planted in gardens, residential complexes, offices, schools-colleges, on both sides of the road, etc. The place is found to have been done on purpose.
The Saptaparni tree is known by many names for its usefulness and quality. Blackboard Tree, Indian Devil Tree, Data Bark Tree, Millwood Pine Tree, White Chase Wood, Pulai etc. The Saptaparni tree is known by the English names and the Hindi name Chetun. Kanher, Pandharakuda, Pandhara Chafa etc. It belongs to the family “Apocynacae” of plants and is known in botany as “Alstonia scholaris”. This tree is considered as the “State Tree” of the State of West Bengal.
Saptaparni is a tree found in tropical and subtropical regions. It is more or less widespread in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. This tree is found to be planted deliberately in some continents and countries. India, Japan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Burma, Australia, Polynesia etc. The tree is found in semi-evergreen moist deciduous forests. This tall tree grows up to 40 to 60 feet tall. Plants with high humidity, high rainfall, moderate to heavy soils and low temperature are ideal for growing this tree. This tree is found from the sea level to an altitude of 1250 meters.
The tree flowers in October-November. The pods mature by March. The flowers are as fragrant as the nightingale. The flowers are not immediately visible, but the fragrance of the flowers indicates that they came. This is a feature of Saptaparni. Especially in the evening. The clusters of greenish white, pentagonal flowers on the upper stalks of the leaves are found in the leaf axils.
Saptaparni flowers in autumn after the end of monsoon. Flowering does not last long. When the flowers fall, long, slender pods hang in pairs on the tree. When the pods are planted on an old large saptaparni tree, these trees look a little different. After a few days, the pods sprout and the white thread seeds fly away.
These trees can be seen in Mumbai city
As this tree is beautiful to look at, it is planted in gardens, orchards, on both sides of roads, in dividers and in the vicinity of government offices, schools and colleges. Wood is used for making paper, for making boxes and for making pencils, firecrackers and boxes, school boards etc.
The bark of this tree is bitter and astringent. The bark and leaves of the stem are used in traditional medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha etc. to cure various ailments. In Ayurveda, the bark of Saptaparni tree is used for Panchakarma purification This is good for malaria fever. The tree is also called “Indian Cinchona” as it cures malaria from the bark. The bark is used to treat diarrhea, malaria fever, foot, asthma, skin disorders, snake bites etc. The bark is used for toothache, joint pain, diabetes and as an anti-virus. The white scab coming from the scab is used to cure ulcers.
Saptaparni bark powder is used by an Indian pharmaceutical company “Bharavi Pharmaceuticals” in an ayurvedic product called “Cincona Compound Tablet”.
There are many chemical elements in this plant, of which 3 main chemical elements are Ditamine, Echitenine, Echitamine which are alkaloids. They are used as an alternative to the famous malaria drug quinine. Quinine is obtained from the cinchona tree. Hence Saptaparni is also called “Indian Cincona”.
It has been calculated in Tiktaskandha, Kushtaghna, Udardaprashaman, Shirovirechan and Charak Samhita’s Aragvadhadigana, Lakshadigana and Adhobhagahar Gana. Saptaparna is mentioned in the Charakasamhita as a component of various kalpas used in the treatment of leprosy, herpes and urinary incontinence and in the Sushruta-Samhita in the treatment of ulcers, leprosy, sepsis, diabetes, chronic fever and epilepsy.
Alstonia spectabilis R.Br. (Saptachchhadi, Saptaparnika) – It is an evergreen tree up to about 40 m tall. Its bark is brown, smooth and with cracks and the end bark is yellowish in color and without marks. The leaves are arranged in a circular order in the number of 3-5, pointed at the apex and bright green in color.
Ayurvedic virtues and effects
Saptaparna is bitter, astringent, hot, short, smooth, expectorant, aphrodisiac, heart, sarak (dastavar), madagandhi, ulcer and leprosy.
It is an antidote for shortness of breath, sores, colic, worms, leprosy, ulcers and blood defects.
- Saptaparna is an anti-hypertensive factor, anti-cancer, anti-microbial, anti-toxemic and depressant of the central nervous system.
- Its stem is digestive, mild laxative, anthelmintic, antipyretic, purgative, laxative, appetite suppressant and tonic. And its letters and letters are anti-ulcer.
Dosage and method of medicinal use
- Putting Akshir (1-2 drops) of Saptaparna in the ear alleviates earache.
- If there is a dent between the teeth in the tooth-worm-worm tooth, then by filling jaggery or wax in it, by doing Dahan Karma, by filling Saptaparna Akshir, the toothache is alleviated
- Make decoction by mixing Sambhag Khas, Patol, Nagarmotha, Harad, Kutki, Mulethi, Amaltas and sandalwood in Mukhpak-Chhativan bark. Consumption of 10-30 ml decoction gives benefit in mouthwash.
- Inhalation / cough- Mixing 1-2 parts of Satauna flower powder with Sambhag Pippali powder and consuming the flower with curd water (Mastu), inhalation with cough and honey .
- If phlegm and bile are also present in respiratory diseases, then mixing 1 gram Pippali powder and honey in 5 ml Saptaparna Patra-Swaras gives quick benefit.
- Germination: By making decoction of stem bark of Satauna and feeding it in the quantity of 15-30 ml, chronic germs are alleviated.
- Liver Disorders- By making decoction of Satauna leaves and consuming it in the amount of 10-30 ml, there is benefit in liver disorders.
- Gonorrhea: Grind the flowers of Kutaj, Kapitha, Rohitak, Vibhitak and Saptaparna and consume 1-2 grams of Kalk or the skin, leaves, roots, fruits, flowers etc. of Neem, Amaltas, Saptaparna, Murva, Kutaj, Somavriksha and Palash. Consumption of decoction made from is beneficial in gonorrhea.
- By making decoction of Sadrameh-Saptaparna and feeding it in the quantity of 15-30 ml, there is benefit in Sandrameh.
- Make a decoction by mixing sambhag amaltas, ketki, cardamom, neem bark, karanj, kutki and gilloy in the bark of fossil urinary tract. Mixing honey in 10-30 ml decoction and feeding it gives benefit in stony urinary incontinence.
- Breast purification is done by consuming sambhag sharangeshta (kakjangha, kakamachi or karanj), decoction made from saptaparna skin and ashwagandha (10-30 ml) or decoction made from guduchi and saptaparna.
- Consumption of Mahapanchatikta Ghrit made methodically from Vatarakta-Saptaparna etc. is beneficial in Vatarakta, leprosy, leprosy, Raktarsha, Pandu, heart disease, Gulm, herpes, leprosy, goiter, smallpox, fever and chronic fever.
- Grinding the bark of rheumatoid arthritis and applying it on the joints treats rheumatism and rheumatism.
- Using leprosy-saptaparna in bath, betel leaf, paste, powder etc. and consuming proven oil ghrit etc. from it is abundant in leprosy.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.