Might be you never heard the term leucoderma. But about 0.5 to 2% of the world’s population is recently suffering from this disease.
Believe or not, every disease has somewhere connected to what we eat. This problem also has.
But before discussing about what we should eat and what not in leucoderma, let’s explore what is the problem is actually about?
It is a skin disorder in which the affected person’s skin found to have white patches. It does not cause any pain or itching and not even spread person to person i.e.
It is not contagious. This disease occurs because body at that particular site is unable to produce melanin (a molecule that gives color to the skin). Some person also knew this problem with the name of vitiligo.
However, sometimes this skin condition might be wrong judged by the people as there are also other skin problems that also show the signs like this for instance, white scar, hypopigmentation, or nevus depigmentosus.
So, how can you identified that you are suffering from leucoderma?
The white patches in leucoderma –
Increase gradually in size
Looks milky white under UV light
Has an outline darker than the skin
Shape is irregular
So, what are the symptoms of leucoderma?
Milky white patches
Change or loss in the color of inner layer of eye
Graying of hair on eyelashes, eyebrows, and scalp
The pattern of this disease can be seen in three ways: generalized, segmental and focal. In generalized pattern, the color loss extent across many parts of the body, basically in a symmetrical way.
In segmental pattern the color loss arise only one side of the body and in local the skin color is limited to only some parts of the body.
But what is the reason behind leucoderma?
The exact cause of this disease is still under investigation but as per some researches, this problem occurs due to:
Faulty immune system
When the body self-defense mechanism mistaken color producing cells as foreign particles, the synthesis of melanin get hinder. This is one of the major causes behind this skin condition.
If parents suffer from the leucoderma, then the risk of this disease gets higher for the children.
This happen in case of segmental pattern, where the area of skin that comes in contact with dorsal root of spinal cord get affected.
This system can also be the reason of disturbed melanocytes production and cause white patches on the skin.
These four reasons can be the cause behind irrupted melanin synthesis and finally the leucoderma.
There are medicated ways, through which this disease can be managed, but as per ayurveda, the food can play a significant role in maintaining leucoderma because correcting food habits, you can beat the most prevalent cause o leucoderma which is disturbed immune system of the body.
So, first let’s explore what type of food should totally avoid in leucoderma?
- Citrus fruits
Fruits like oranges, lemon, lime, and kiwi should avoid, because these are rich in vitamin c, which is a potent de-pigmenting agent.
- Soda bi carbonate present in aerated drinks should also not consume.
- Other food items like garlic, onion, tomato, tamarind, blueberries, papaya, amla, pomegranate, brinjal, pickle, green chili, grapes, red meat, fish, oily-fried food and curd should also avoid strictly.
These are those food items which are totally avoidable in case of leucoderma. As these food items can make condition more aggravated. The immune system cause more issues and it can be the biggest problem in treating leucoderma.
But, there are some food items from which a person suffering from leucoderma can have but in limited form.
What type of food should have but only in a limited amount or as per dietician recommendations?
Milk products, chicken, fermented food, coffee and chocolate.
Now the next question that is running in everyone’s mind is then what should we eat in leucoderma?
Vegetarian source of copper, vitamin D3 and vitamin B12, turmeric, beetroot, carrot, radish, omega 3 fatty acids, figs, dates, apples, banana, leafy vegetables like lettuce and kale, and chickpeas.
These foods are best to have during leucoderma. These help to correct the immunity system of the body and improves the synthesis of melanin.
But acquiring good eating habit is not enough to maintain the leucoderma, rather the whole lifestyle also should be adopt as per to correct the problem.
So, what lifestyle changes should be needed to adopt in leucoderma?
Avoid a direct contact with sun, especially during its peak hours.
Say no to swimming.
Don’t use rubber or plastic wear.
Never use bindi or stickers.
Don’t wear tight clothes or undergarments.
These are the things which you need to take care of if your are also suffering from leucoderma.
You only need to understand one thing and that is our lifestyle, especially our diet is the basic element which can make a condition worse or better. So, never go for foods that contribute in aggravating the leucoderma.
Hope you have understood what leucoderma is, how important to manage this problem and what should eat and what not during this condition.
In last, let’s find out the answer of most prevalent questions related to leucoderma –
At what age, the chances of leucoderma onset are highest?
Answer: from the ages of 10 to 30, the risk of having leucoderma is high.
Is leucoderma also having any association with any disorder?
Answer: yes, it has a significant association with the problems, diabetes mellitus, thyroid, pernicious anemia, and addison’s disease.
Does vitiligo patients are more prone to skin cancer?
Answer: not really. But such patients’ skin is sensitive and can affected more easily as compared to the normal skin.
Should people with leucoderma use sunscreen?
Answer: without any second thought, this is one of the best way to protect your skin. A broad spectrum medicated sunscreen protects the skin from harmful uv rays and pollutants. Just make sure to buy a sunscreen only after consulting your doctor.
For Treatment – LEUCODERMA CARE KIT
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh