Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair follicles. Acne is a common skin related problem, which can trouble a person of any age. Those who have oily skin, this problem bothers them more, so they take it more seriously. Many people think that this problem is caused by overeating, but did you know that this skin disorder is caused due to inflammation of the oil-producing glands and hair follicles within our skin. Hair follicles are present under our skin. These follicles are made up of many tissue-like structures present within our skin, which help in hair growth. The oil-producing glands, when they produce oil, moisturize your skin as well as your hair.
The problem of acne arises when the production of oil released from the skin increases but there is a decrease in the spread of skin cells. Due to this condition, the skin cells get blocked and the oil present in them stays there. Due to the accumulation of oil in the skin cells, the bacteria present in the hair follicles also clogs the pores, resulting in inflammation and acne. Acne can come out of both boys and girls in the days of youth and it is not at all that people do not get acne at the age of 40 to 50. They can make you their victim at any age. Let us know the easy way to get rid of them.
Types of acne
Explain that there are six types of acne, in which problems like blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and ulcers are prominent.
1-Blackheads: Blackheads on your skin are stubborn black spots that occur when the skin pores open due to dead skin cells and excess oil. The oil present in these pores turns black due to exposure to air.
2-Whiteheads: Whiteheads occur when the pores are clogged by dead skin cells and oil.
3- Small clots (Papules): These small red clots occur when you touch your face more and it hurts to touch them.
4- Pimples: These small red clots appear like a white tip on your skin. Pimples, as the name suggests, are filled with pus.
5-Nodules: These types of acne are hidden deep in your skin, which are quite solid.
6-Cyst: A cyst, a large lump filled with pus, is the most severe form of acne and can cause permanent scarring on your skin.
Symptoms of acne
Pimples can appear as small lumps of pus or pus formed on your skin. These clots keep on increasing their size. Acne is more in the part of the face where the oil glands are more active, such as the face, neck, shoulders, upper part of the chest and back.
Acne causes and risk factors due to acne
Acne usually results from an increase in androgen hormone levels. This hormone increases the size of the oil glands, which also increases the production of oil. When the bacteria present on our skin work to absorb this oil, then our skin starts getting irritated and due to this our pores get blocked and acne occurs.
1- The rise and fall of hormone levels in women during pregnancy or menstruation.
2- Pressure on the skin due to wearing things like helmet or hat while playing.
3-Acne can also occur due to the use of products used for hair such as hair pomades, heavy lotions / creams, waxes, etc.
4-Environment, in which the amount of humidity is high.
6-Working in an environment with smooth surfaces such as a restaurant.
7- Excessive use of contraceptive pills.
There is no connection between lack of cleanliness, poor diet and acne. Keep in mind that frequent washing of the face also causes acne.
Risk factors for acne
Acne is more common in teens and young people. Although it can occur in people of any age, acne is more common in men during adolescence and predominant in women during adulthood.
Preventing acne caused by normal hormonal changes in the body is difficult, but it is not impossible at all. You can reduce your chances of developing acne by:
1- Wash your face daily with mild face cleanser and warm water.
2- Use moisturizer regularly.
3- Avoid touching the face.
4- People who do makeup should use products labeled “non-comedogenic” so that those products don’t block your pores. It is very important to remove makeup before sleeping.
Diagnosis of acne
A doctor can usually diagnose acne by examining your skin. The doctor can tell you about the type of acne and the type of acne that occurs and the right treatment. Let us tell you that some other problems occurring on the skin seem like acne, due to which the method of treatment may be different. These conditions require a different treatment strategy such as:
Your doctor can prescribe treatment based on these factors: Will suggest a treatment plan:
1- Age of the affected person
2- type of acne
3- Which place has acne
4- How did acne come about
5- Have any treatment in the past
6- How are the dark spots or marks due to acne visible.
Lifestyle changes can reduce acne
If you are not following a good skin care routine then you can definitely become a victim of acne. Therefore, it is important that you follow a proper and good skin care routine or implement the following measures in your lifestyle so that you can avoid the outbreak of acne.
1- Wash your face at least twice a day. Also, wash your face as soon as possible after sweating.
2- Always use a gentle, alcohol free product on the skin. Avoid using products like exfoliants, astringents and toners as these can irritate the skin.
3- Do not scrub the skin.
4- Use your fingers instead of a mesh cloth or washcloth to apply the cleanser.
5- Always use lukewarm water to wash the face.
6- Quit the habit of touching the face again and again throughout the day.
7- People who have oily hair should shampoo regularly.
8- If you have applied any kind of medicine for acne, then avoid going out in the sun because some medicines increase the sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet light.
9- Do not try to suppress or break out acne as they can take longer to heal and cause scars.
Severely visible acne can leave lifelong physical scars. These marks can cause you to lack self-esteem and prevent you from participating in social gatherings and sports activities.
Alternative acne treatment
Your doctor may recommend using these therapies to treat acne:
1. steroid- The doctor may recommend the use of steroids to treat severe acne or large lumps.
2. Chemical Peel- The doctor may recommend a chemical peel to reduce acne scars. In this special chemicals are used to remove the top layer of your skin, hence called chemical peel treatment.
3. Dermabrasion- In this therapy, an electrical machine is used to remove the top layer of skin and reduce scarring. This whole process is called dermabrasion.
5. In this whole process mainly treatment is done to remove acne scars. Special laser technology used in this
Dr. Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1 Lakh Plus patients worldwide.