Ginger is in two forms dry and fresh ginger and its actions are quite similar except the dry one which is preferred to fresh on during summers. It treats asthma, Indigestion, nausea, and more.
Latin name: Zingiber officinale
Names in different languages:
Hindi Name: Aadi, Adarakh (fresh)
Punjabi Name: Adrak, Adarak, Ada
Marathi Name: Aale
Tamil Name: Inji
Kannada Name: Shunti, Hasi Shunti
Telugu Name: Allamu, Alla
Farsi Name: Anjeebeele Tara
Bengali Name: Ada
Tamil Name: Inji
Malayalam Name: Inchi
Arabian Name: Janjabeele Ratab
Its Sanskrit synonyms:
Ardra Shaka, Moolaja, Ardraka, Gulma moola (Knotty rhizomes) and Anupaja (grow in moist places)
Ushana (Hot in nature)
Katubhadra (has pungent taste)
Nagara- Found in Nagar Pradesh and it is best among katurasa
Shunti- Useful in Kapha, vataja vikaras
Ardhraka- Causes salivation
Katuviddi- Have katu rasa
Katugranthi- Having nodes and internodes
What are the chemical constituents of ginger?
Ginger chemical constituents are d-Borneal, B- D- Curcumene, D- Camphene, B- Bourbornene, A- Curumene, Zingerone, Zingiberol, Geraniol, Citronellol, Zingiberenes, Gingerol, Gingerone, Paradol, Gingerdiol, Gingerone B and C, etc.
What are the medicinal properties of ginger?
Rasa (taste)- katu (Pungent)
Guna (qualities)- Guru (heavy), Teekshna (strong, piercing), and rooksha (dryness)
Veerya (Potency)- Ushna (hot)
Vipaka- Madhura (undergoes sweet taste after digestion)
Effect on three doshas- Balances kapha dosha
Fresh juice- 5-10ml
Syrup- 2 to 5 ml
Ayurvedic benefits of ginger:
It used as spices that have a pungent taste and are anaphrodisiac in nature. As per Ayurveda, it helps in increasing Vata dosha. It improves the digestive strength and acts as a appetizer. It also treats constipation. These are the Ayurvedic benefits of ginger.
Difference between dry and fresh ginger-
Wet ginger is rooksha (dry) and ushna (hot) in nature and dry ginger is snigdha (oily, unctuous) and ushna (hot) in nature.
Wet ginger causes diarrhea but is more useful in constipation where as dry ginger has bowel binding property and is useful in IBS.
Wet ginger is used for a shorter period of time because of its dry nature whereas dry ginger is snigdha (unctuous) and hence tolerable for a longer period ie., it can be used for a long time.
The effects of wet ginger are seen more in stomach and intestines whereas effects of dry ginger is seen in both stomach and intestines.
What are the Ayurvedic uses of ginger?
Its application removes the excessive oil from the skin and manages various skin infections. It also shows good results in controlling hair loss as well as promoting hair growth. The application of Ginger juice on the skin helps to control acne formation.
Ginger is a beneficial herb in stopping nausea. If you are going for long traveling, take fresh cloves of ginger that will help in travelling bad effects like nausea and headaches. Chew a ginger clove also treats morning sickness.
Cold and Cough
In winters, ginger increases the immune system of the body. It is a natural antiviral that protects the body from the illness by increasing non-specific immunity. It has an anti-inflammatory property which reduces inflammation in the respiratory tract. It is also a good cough suppressant that helps to clean the respiratory system.
During menstruation, women experience heavy menstrual cramps. In these days, a woman should take ginger tea, so as to get relief from the pain. It provides warmness in the stomach and maintains the normal flow of the blood. It also provides relaxation to the muscles and alleviates the pain.
Ginger has a property of burning fat that promotes weight loss. Its thermogenic property activates the body’s metabolism. Due to its antioxidants properties, it eliminates the wastes from the body and detoxifies the body. Regular intake of ginger tea will help a lot.
Improves Blood Circulation
The ginger contains gingerol alkaloid which is present in the ginger tea helps in lowering the blood pressure. When the pressure in the blood vessels reduces, it allows easier blood flow. It has blood-thinning properties, which prevents heart attacks. Ginger tea helps in improving the blood circulation in the body.
Stress and anxiety
Ginger shows a calming and soothing effect on the mind and the body. It relieves stress and tension by keeping the brain calm. One cup of ginger tea improves your mood and gives a feeling of freshness. It also reduces the cortisone levels in the body which helps to keep you relax.
Damage Precancerous Cells
Many researches had stated that ginger tea contains strong antioxidant properties that prevent the body from infections. It can prevent the production of pre-cancerous cells from growing. Drinking ginger tea kills free radicals formation and decreases the risk of having cancer.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.