What is hyponatremia?
Blood sodium levels decrease abnormally in what is known as hyponatremia. The amount of water in the cells and surrounding cells is regulated by an electrolyte called sodium. One of the many factors is the dilution of sodium in the body with hyponatremia. When this happens, the level of water in the body increases and the cells start swelling. This can result in quite a few health problems, from moderate to almost fatal. Treatment is aimed at solving the underlying problem.
Depending on the reasons, you may have to reduce fluid intake. In other cases, you may need intravenous medications and fluids. Sodium is very important in the body. Sodium helps maintain regular blood pressure, regulates fluid balance in the body and supports the functioning of muscles and nerves. Regular sodium levels range between 135 and 145 mEq / L. When it falls below this limit, the problem occurs.
What are the symptoms of hyponatremia?
Symptoms of hyponatremia include the following:
- Head ache
- Energy loss
- Muscle weakness
What are the causes of Hyponatremia?
These are the conditions and causes that cause hyponatremia:
The main reason is low sodium levels in a person’s body and the level falls below 135 mEq / L.
Heart, kidney and liver problems: Some diseases and congestive heart failure sometimes affect the kidneys and liver so badly that fluid starts accumulating in your body and lowered sodium levels due to the accumulation of this fluid it happens.
Some medicines: Some antidepressants and pain medications interfere with the normal hormonal levels of the body and also affect the kidney process which maintains the normal sodium levels in the body.
Drinking plenty of water: Drinking too much water leads to hyponatremia as it can reduce sodium levels by increasing kidney function by emitting too much water.
How to diagnose hyponatremia?
The doctor asks about the patient’s medical history and asks for some physical tests. But most of the time, it is impossible to diagnose hyponatremia symptoms with only a physical test. The doctor recommends urine and blood tests to check sodium levels in the body.
What is the treatment of hyponatremia?
If hyponatremia occurs due to taking too much water, drugs, or diet, doctors recommend reducing fluid intake levels and certain medications or drugs are prescribed to increase the level of sodium in the blood. If the level of hyponatremia becomes rapid or severe, treatment is required as soon as possible:
Medications: If there is headache, fatigue or any other signs and symptoms, then the medicines prescribed by the doctor should be taken.
Intravenous Fluid: Sodium solution is recommended to increase the level of sodium in the blood. The level of sodium is monitored in the body because very rapid corrections of sodium are also dangerous.
What are the conditions at increased risk of hyponatremia?
Age: Older people are at greater risk of hyponatremia, such as age-based changes. Older people can also take some medicines and are more likely to have chronic diseases that affect the sodium balance in the body.
Some medicines: Many drugs such as thiazide diuretics, painkillers and certain types of antidepressants may increase the risk. In addition, ecstasy has also been closely associated with excessive hyponatremia, which can lead to fatal consequences.
Conditions that reduce your body’s water emissions. Medical conditions include kidney disease, improper anti-diuretic hormone syndrome, and heart failure may increase your risk.
What are the home remedies for hyponatremia?
Drinks that contain sodium can be made at home such as ORS, fresh orange juice, or coconut water can also be drunk to maintain sodium levels in the body and blood.
What is the best diet for hyponatremia?
Foods to avoid in hyponatremia:
Many people have high blood pressure problems with increasing age. Therefore, they should start removing salt from their food. Also stop eating processed or packaged food as it contains a lot of sodium. Processed meats like ham, pork, hot dog, sausage should be avoided. The best way to avoid sodium is to eat uncooked or whole foods.
Food to eat in hyponatremia
These are foods that have low sodium levels in blood. Foods like shrimp, ham, instant pudding, cheese, vegetable juice, pizza, sandwiches, processed cheeses, pickles, sauces, biscuits should be eaten.
Ayurvedic treatment by CAC
1.Detox Premium Powder
These are herbal-mineral sachet especially designed for the ulcerative colitis patients. The various ingredients used for the formation of these sachets are prawal pishti, shukta pishti, Giloy satv, kehrva pishti, Jahar Mohra pishti, sutshekhar ras, shankh bhasma, kamdudha ras, moti bhasma that in combination provide good relief on the signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis patients.
- Shukta pishti: The bhasma is prepared from pearl oyster shell calcium. This pishti shows antioxidant & anti-inflammatory properties that give deal with the ulcerative colitis patients.
- Prawal pishti: It is made from coral calcium that reduces bleeding associated with ulcerative colitis patients.
- Giloy satv: This herbal satv remove all toxins from the body. It reduces excessive Pitta from the body associated with ulcerative colitis.
- Jahar Mohra pishti: The antidiarrheal property of this pishti stops loose stools that are the main symptoms in ulcerative colitis patient.
- Kehrva pishti: This pishti provides good results in rectal bleeding, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and abdominal inflammation related to ulcerative colitis patients.
- Sutshekhar ras: This preparation reduces bloating & gastritis. It provides calming effect on the body.
- Akik pishti: It is a mineral-based medicine that reduces excessive heat, weakness, & general debility.
- Kamdudha ras: This ras is beneficial in burning sensation, loose stools, bleeding tendencies related to ulcerative colitis patients.
- Moti bhasma: The anti-inflammatory property of this herb reduces inflammation in the body.
Recommended Dosage: Take 1 sachet twice daily with normal water.
Trikatu syrup is a purely herbal formula containing ingredients such as long pepper, black pepper, & dry ginger. This herbal syrup shows antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, carminative, & immuno-modulator effects. These properties provide effective results in appendicitis conditions.
Recommended dosage: Take 2 teaspoonful thrice daily before meals.
3.Sheet Dhara Syrup
This herbal syrup is prepared from ingredients such as ajwain satav, mushak kapoor, peppermint, etc that naturally relieve the symptoms like bloating, blenching, nausea, vomiting, feeling of discomfort, etc. The regular use of this herbal syrup neutralizes the high acid content, reduces
abdominal pain, & cramps.
Recommended dosage: Take half teaspoonful of this syrup in half a cup of water. Drink this mixture twice daily on an empty stomach.
4.Makar Rasayan tablet:
It is a herbo-mineral tablet and is purely Ayurvedic formulation. CAC MAKAR RASAYAN tablet help in balancing all the three doshas. It helps to rejuvenate body tissues and act as an immunomodulator. It helps in proper blood circulation. It prevents the skin from dryness. It contains natural ingredients like shudha kuchla, guduchi satva, shudha shilajeet, abhrak bhasma, ras sindoor, moonga bhasma, shankh bhasma, praval pishti etc. Herbs and minerals used for the formulation of these tablets show antioxidant, aphrodisiac, analgesic and immunomodulator properties.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.