Epilepsy is a medical condition that affects the central nervous system. In other words, it is also known as a Seizure disorder. In this nerve cell activity in the brain gets disturbed. Anyone can develop epilepsy, but it’s more common in young children and older adults. It occurs slightly more common in males than in females. Epilepsy affects more than 50 million people worldwide.
What are the Types of Epilepsy?
There are mainly two types of Epilepsy (Seizure)
- Focal Seizure
- Generalized Seizure
1. Focal Seizure
When seizure appears to result from abnormal activity in just one area of the brain. These seizures fall into two categories
- Focal seizure without loss of consciousness – They may alter emotions or change the way things like look, smell, feel, taste or sound. A Focal seizure may also result in involuntary jerking of a body part, such as an arm or leg.
- Focal seizure with impaired awareness – The seizure involves a change or loss of awareness. In this, you may not respond normally to your environment or perform repetitive movements, such as hand rubbing, chewing, swallowing, etc.
2. Generalized Seizure
Seizure that appears to involve all areas of the brain. They are of six types
- Absence seizure – They are characterized by subtle body movements such as eye blinking or lip smacking. The seizure may cause loss of consciousness.
- Tonic seizure – It mainly causes stiffening in the muscles. Tonic seizure mostly affects the muscles of arms, legs, back, and may cause you to fall on the ground.
- Atonic seizure – It causes a loss of muscle control, which may cause you to suddenly collapse or fall down.
- Clonic seizure– They are associated with repeated or rhythmic, jerking muscle movements. It usually affects the neck, face, and arms.
- Myoclonic seizure – It usually appears as sudden brief jerks or twitches of your arms and legs.
- Tonic-Clonic seizure – This is the most dramatic type of seizures, which cause an abrupt loss of consciousness, body stiffening, and shaking. Sometimes loss of bladder control can occur.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is caused by abnormal activity in the brain; a seizure can affect any process which your brain coordinates. Signs and Symptoms include-
- Temporary confusion
- Psychic symptoms such as fear, anxiety, & stress
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs that are not in control of an individual
- Loss of consciousness
- Intermittent fainting spells, in which bowel or bladder control is lost
- Changes in smell, touch, and sound
- Biting of the tongue
What are the Causes of Epilepsy?
Epilepsy can have both genetic and acquired causes. In about 60% of cases, the cause is unknown. Some common causes include –
- Genetics – Genetics is believed to be involved in the majority of cases, either directly or indirectly.
- Acquired – Epilepsy may occur a number of other conditions including tumors, strokes, head trauma, previous infection of the Central nervous system.
- Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, AIDS, and viral encephalitis.
- Developmental disorders – Epilepsy can sometimes be associated with autism and neurofibromatosis.
- Prenatal injury- Before birth, babies are sensitive to brain damage that is caused by an infection in the mother, poor nutrition.
- Head trauma as a result of car accidents or other traumatic injuries.
What are the Risk Factors of Epilepsy?
Risk factors may include –
- Age – Most common in children and older adults.
- Family history
- Brain infections – Infection such as meningitis, which causes inflammation in your brain or spinal cord.
- Seizure in childhood
What is an Ayurvedic view of Epilepsy?
In Ayurveda, it is termed as ‘Apasmara’. This disorder happens because of abnormal electrical activity in the brain leading to seizure or fits. In this condition, the patients convulse violently and may become unconscious or very confused. In Ayurveda, Epilepsy is classified into:
- Vataj Apasmara – It lasts for a shorter time, causes an increase in respiratory rate, & more secretion of foam from the mouth, etc.
- Pittaj Apasmara – It causes yellowish or reddish tint on the body, a lot of sweating, patient experience hotness in the body.
- Kaphaj Apasmara – Kaphaj Apasmara lasts for a relatively long time, the foam is whitish in color and the patient experiences heaviness in the body.
- Sannipatik Apasmara – It is caused by vitiation of all the three doshas and therefore has mixed characteristics.
What is an Ayurvedic Treatment for Epilepsy?
Our Ayurvedic medicines target the root cause of Epilepsy. Ayurvedic treatment supports the desired coordination of various parts of the brain with the help of herbs, minerals, and other classical drugs. Chandigarh Ayurved Centre provides you the ‘’Epilepsy Care Kit’’, which has a significant reduction in seizure frequency from the very first dosage. The kit includes- Detox Premium Powder, Brodley syrup, Brahmi capsules, Tagaradi Churna, all the ingredients provide the best result in the treatment of Epilepsy.
ALL PRODUCTS DESCRIPTION IN DETAIL:
1. Detox Premium Powder
This formulation act at the level of the nervous system and facilitate proper conduction of signal impulse from the nerves to the muscles. The powder contains – Moti pishti, Parwal pishti, Shukta pishti, Giloy satva, Kamdudha ras, Jahar mohra, Akik pishti, Gandhak rasayan, Tal sindoor, etc. These ingredients balance all the Tridosha (Vata, Pitta, Kapha). It provides relief in psychosis, helps in mental weakness like short temper, decreased the ability to think, improves the memory power, and reduces the calcium level that hampers the brain functions.
Recommended Dosage – Take 1 sachet twice a day with normal water.
2. Brodley Syrup
The syrup contains ingredients like– Shankhpusphi, Brahmi, Yashtimadhu, Dhania, Saunf, etc. This syrup has the best boost power memory and helps in increasing the blood flow to the brain. It is used as an antioxidant that increases retention power. It is generally used to treat the mental weakness, mental disorders, & seizure.
Recommended Dosage – Take 2 teaspoonful twice a day with normal water.
3. Brahmi Capsule
It contains a pure extract of the herb Brahmi. Brahmi capsule is used as a natural brain tonic that relaxes the central nervous system, deal with brain disorders, and helps in mental relaxation. It sharpens the brain by protecting cells and increasing chemicals associated with learning and memory. It has the best results in Epilepsy along with fighting stress.
Recommended Dosage–Take 2 capsules twice a day with normal water.
4. Tagaradi Churna
This churna is very beneficial in neurological, psychological, and digestive disorders. In low dosage, it calms the mind, strengthens the nerves, and prevents convulsions. It improves the strength of the heart muscles and helps in reducing the blood pressure. It is the best vata and kapha pacifier churna. Tagaradi churna improves the quality of sleep and induces the sound sleep. It elevates the mood and helps the patients in reducing stress and mood disorders.
Recommended Dosage – Take 1 teaspoonful twice a day with normal water.
What is the Panchakarma Treatment for Epilepsy?
The unique essence of Ayurvedic Treatment through a series of systematic treatment regime results and is achieved even in incurable disease. Chandigarh Ayurved Centre provides the best therapy for the prevention of the Epilepsy. All therapies are conducted under the supervision of an Ayurvedic Physician.
- Shirodhara – It is a procedure in which pouring of a medicated oil or decoction (kashaya) on the forehead. After that, your head is massaged with this herbal oil.
- Shirovasti – In this procedure, a long ring like structure is placed over your head. After that medicated oil is placed over the head for a specific period of time.
- Shiro pichu – It is a method in which small cotton or sponge is placed with oil over the head.
- Tala Potichil – In this procedure specially prepared paste applied over the head has the best results in Epilepsy.
- Shastika Shali Pinda Sweda – Medicated rice bolus, medicated milk is applied all over the body. This procedure is very beneficial in muscular wasting, neuromuscular disorders, and other degenerative procedures. It is the best Rejuvenation therapy.
- Tala Dhara – (Synchronized pouring of warm medicated oil & Abhyanga). In this procedure a continues pouring of medicated oil is given all over the body along with massage. It is beneficial in muscular, ligamentous injuries, neuropathy, and other degenerative conditions.
Healthy Tips and Diet for Epilepsy Patients
- It is very important for the patient to maintain their proper food timings and choose less spicy, less oily fresh food.
- Putting a few drops of warm pure ghee in both the nostrils regularly reduces the recurrence of Vataj and Pittaj apsamara.
- Meditation should be done regularly to ensure that stress does not disturb the electric activities in the brain.
- Have a well-balanced diet and eat at consistent times to avoid long periods without food.
- Low carbohydrates & high-fat diet are beneficial for reducing epilepsy.
- Foods such as bacon, eggs, butter, nuts, avocados, cheese, and fish are good for the epileptic patients.
- Balasana, Nadi Sodhna, Kapotanasana, Sirasana, Camatkarasana are very useful to reduce the symptoms of Epilepsy.
- Having epilepsy increases your risk of developing high blood pressure and prediabetes. With regular exercise, you should overcome these problems.
- Avoid white bread, non-wholegrain cereals, cakes, high sugar drinks, etc.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh