Asthma is an inflammatory disease of airways of the lungs. In this condition airways become narrow and swelling occur and produce extra mucus, which makes difficulty to breath and trigger coughing , a whistling sound during breathing and shortness of breath.
A person with asthma may experience
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty in talking
- Tightness in chest
- Coughing , especially at night
- Wheezing sound during breathing
There are different type of asthma , Most common type of asthma is bronchial asthma , which affects the lungs of person.
Some specific types of asthma are
- Extrinsic asthma ( Allergic asthma )
This type of asthma occur due to allergy from some external factors like dust , pollen , food etc. Allergic asthma is often seasonal .
- Intrinsic asthma ( Non – allergic asthma )
This type of asthma occur due to
- Viral illness
- Cigarette smoking
- Air pollution
- Burning wood
- Air fresheners
- Household cleaning products
- Occupational asthma
This type of asthma induced by triggers at work place like dyes, dust, gases and fumes , industrial chemicals etc.
Beside of these factors some other factors like Stress , Hormonal factors , Hereditary factors, Environmental factors also trigger asthma.
Diagnosis of asthma
Diagnosis of asthma can be made by
- Taking proper history of patient
- Doing physical examination of the patient
- Performing breathing test
AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF ASTHMA
In Ayurveda Asthma is mentioned under category named shwas roga . In which bronchial asthma can be co- related with Tmaka shwas in which there is predominance of vata and kapha dosha.
The increased kapha dosha blocks the natural flow of air, which leads to spasm in the bronchial tree and resulting in asthma and wheezing. Ayurvedic management for asthma focus on expel out the increased Kapha that is lodged in the lungs. In Ayurvedic texts main treatment that is mentioned for tamak shwas is Virechana .
Ayurvedic herbs that have shown good results in respiratory disorders
These herbs are useful in many ways like-
- Provide relief from chest and nasal congestion
- Soothes the air passages
- Relieves irritation of the Throat
- Relaxes from the symptoms like coughing, sneezing and swollen lymph
- Possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties
Ayurveda focuses on diet and lifestyle in order to attain a healthy life and longevity. Ayurvedic supplements treatment are good option for treating this disorder . Adding certain foods to the diet will support normal respiratory functions in the body.
Here are some Ayurvedic home remedies that could help in reducing the symptoms of asthma and controlling the frequency of asthma attacks .
1.Maricha or Black Pepper-
- This herb is enriched with the properties like antioxidant, antimicrobial potential and gastro-protective effects.
- Black pepper contains an alkaloid called piperine. This alkaloid shows many effects to the body.
- It acts as a Broncho dilator, reduces pain, improves breathing, and reduces the inflammation.
How to take
Take some amount Black pepper mix it with honey and take this . This will help to reduce cough, congestion.
2.Pippali ( piper longum)
- It is been used from the ancient time as a remedy in healing the respiratory system.
- It functions as a counter-irritant and lessens the inflammation, clears the mucus and nasal congestion.
How to take–
Boil a few pippali in half a glass of milk and drink this decoction.It is useful to cure a common cold, cough,congestion.
3.Yashti Madhu or Licorice-
- Use of Licorice root is one of the oldest remedies used for cough and cold.
- It works as an imperative herbal demulcent that shields the respiratory system.
- It provides soothing effect in the throat and provides relief from the irritation of the throat.
- It is an effective herb that secrete healthy mucus and releases the phlegm and clears the nasal passage and having anti- inflammatory properties.
How to take-
- Cut licorice into pieces and then Chew a twig of licorice.
- Drink a tea made up of mixture of half tsp of licorice and half tsp ginger.
- Take some yashtimadhu powder mix it with honey and take it.
It provides relief from inflammation, cough and other problems related to asthma.
- The leaf of vasa is a popular Ayurvedic respiratory healer.
- It works as a strong stimulator of the Respiratory system thereby eliminates excess phlegm from the throat, clear the lungs and improves broncho dilation, and helps in treating bronchial asthma ,bronchitis, tuberculosis, and other lung disorders.
How to take–
- Make a concoction of Vasaka leaves and drink it to get relieved from cough and other symptoms of colds.
- Turmeric is a potent herb which contains a compound named Curcumin and it is enriched with more than three hundred natural occurring components. It possesses Anti inflammatory, Antioxidant, antimicrobial property which is good for overall health and respiratory system..
- The active compound curcumin present in turmeric supports in cleansing the lungs and flushes toxins out of the respiratory system naturally thus strengthens the immune response.
how to take
- Consuming turmeric drink on a daily basis helps in decreasing the inflammation in the air passage.
- Boil a teaspoon of ginger in a glass of milk and add 1/2 tsp of turmeric powder to it. If taken twice a day, this ayurvedic remedy could reduce the frequency of asthma attacks.
- It is an amazing and potent anti-inflammatory herb that cures common cough and cold, which aids in clearing toxins from the respiratory tract. It is enriched with potassium, magnesium, and zinc.
How to take
- Consumption of ginger tea helps to build a robust immune system and combat seasonal asthma and infections.
- Cardamom tea is a stimulating, and refreshing drink to improve lung health and lighten up the digestive fire.
Good for respiratory health and good in taste and very effective
- Mix one tsp of cinnamon powder and 1/4 tsp of trikatu into a cup of boiling water . Add one tsp of honey after some time and drink it . Take this twice daily to treat the all problems related to asthma and take maximum benefits.
- Bay leaf
- Half tsp of bay leaf and 1/4th teaspoon of pippalimixed with 1 tsp of honey taken two to three times a day may provide good results in chronic symptoms of asthma.
- Have a glass of honey (1 tsp) and some Indian bay leaf powder (1 tsp) before going to bed, to prevent asthma attacks during the night.
- Mustard Oil
- Rubbing or massaging warm mustard oil mixing with some salt on a patient’s chest will help in reducing congestion in chest and is often used as a natural remedy for asthmatic conditions. It provides relief during an attack.
Long run use of these remedies may give excellent results in asthmatic patients.
Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1000 plus patients worldwide.