Any type of mark , spot, discoloration or flaw that appears in skin or you can say any kind of imperfection in skin ,can be considered as blemish.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS
Sign and symptoms of blemishes depends upon the type of blemishes . Most common types which are commonly seen among people are
Acne is a skin condition which is common among people and it occurs due to skin producing too much oil . Oil production can be increased due to following reason
- overactive sebaceous or oil glands of skin
- Any kind of hormonal change during puberty , menstruation.
- Stress factor , anxiety , depression can also acne .
There are many types of acne, according to variation in their appearance . Some examples include:
Black heads are small, dark spots on the skin. They looks like trapped dirt but they contains oil that has become stuck inside the pore. When reaction between oil and air occur this becomes black in color.
White heads are kind of small and round blemishes , which are white or skin colored. When oil and dead skin cells block the skin pores this lead to cause whiteheads.
Papules are small, hard, red bumps on the skin. These occur when excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells travel deep into the skin pores , that cause inflammation.
Pustules are raised spots that contains yellow or white pus . Pustules occur due to infection .
Nodules occur when skin pore clogged .It is a large skin blemishes . The excessive oil secretion and bacteria lead to infection and inflammation inside the skin.
Acne cysts are large, swollen, red blemishes and sometimes painful to touch.
Like nodules, cysts can cause permanent scarring of skin .
It is a condition when some portion of the skin appears more darker than other . It is usually harmless .
Hyperpigmentation can occur due to result of genetic factors, sun damage, or acne scarring.
They are small, flat spots that may be red, brown, tan, or black in color and can appear anywhere on the body.
Age spots or sun spots
These kind of hyper pigmentation occurs due to lot of sun exposure .Acne scarring can also cause dark spots to remain on the skin once the acne has cleared.
Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that occurs due to over production melanin. Mostly occurs in pregnancy or a women taking birth control pills. The hormonal changes is the main reason that leads to increase production of melanin
Birthmarks that appear on the skin of a person from birth. Some birthmarks disappear with time, while others may be permanent.
However, these skin blemishes can occur due to :
- blood vessels not forming properly
- Clumping of skin pigment cells leads to creating moles or patches of darker skin
- any kind of overgrowth of skin that cause raised patches of thickened skin
A birthmark will look different than the skin surrounding it. They may be:
- flat or raised
- similar to a bruise or stain
- any color like red , brown , tan
Some harmless birthmarks can grow rapidly , which can be alarming. Talking with a dermatologist can help people know about the reason of birthmark growth.
Cold sores are kind of fluid-filled blisters. These are usually red and painful that form on the lips or around the mouth. They occur due to infection with the herpes simplex virus.
Cold sores are contagious in nature , so people should avoid contact with others until the sores have healed to avoid passing the virus on.
Some types of blemish can occur as a sign of skin cancer. Be aware about this and consult dermatologist if you have following signs
- a new mole or mark that grows quickly
- a mole or mark that bleeds
- a blemish that changes in shape, size, or color
- a mole that is asymmetrical or has rough, irregular edges
- a mole size is larger than 6mm
What causes blemishes ?
Some blemishes are caused by virus like herpes zoster , vericella virus .
Certain types of skin infections cause blemishes to erupt on the skin and leads to pus formation . Fungal infection , yeast infection are reasons for the blemishes to occur.
Acne may have a genetic link. Hereditary condition can also be a reason for blemishes to occur.
Overexposure to the harmful rays of sun that are ultraviolet (UV) A and B rays, can cause skin damage sometimes may cause skin cancer, hyperpigmentation.
Environmental toxins, like polluted air ,exhaust from car and factories can cause harm to your skin
What you eat can affect your skin. Food allergies and contact dermatitis leads to skin irritation that can cause blemishes . Dairy products, such as skim milk, diets high in sugar , carbohydrates can cause blemishes .
Use of some kind of medications leads to cause acne as a side effect. These include:
- androgenic steroids
How to treat blemishes
Treatment of blemishes depends upon the type of blemishes that are occurring
- Acne medications
- Salicylic acid
- Hydrocortisone cream
- Sun protection from UV rays
- Dermatological procedures like laser therapy , chemical peels can be beneficial .
- Healthy eating habits
AYURVEDIC APPROACH FOR MANAGEMENT
In Ayurveda, it is supposed that when a person is consuming excessive salty, fried, oily food products it causes an imbalance in the Bhrajak Pitta which further leads to the formation of certain skin problems and one of the most common is blemishes. To cure blemishes, several natural herbs have various medicinal properties that work of its root cause and maintain the hormonal balance by which the person doesn’t have to face such types of skin issues.
Chandigarh Ayurved Centre had made a wonderful medicinal kit that can be used by both men and women and of any age.
BLEMISHES GO KIT
‘Blemishes Go Kit’ contains –
- Detox premium powder
- Skin glow kadha
- Blood purifier
- Aloe Vera gel
- Twak tailam
- Skin care tablet
- Panchtikta ghrita guggulu
For more information visit our website
Dr. Vaidya Karanvir Singh is the younger Vaidya in Chandigarh Ayurved & Panchakarma Centre. He is the fourth generation in his family who is practicing as a general consultant in Ayurved & Panchakarma treatment at Chandigarh. In his practice, he had treated more than 1 Lakh Plus patients worldwide.