Sinusitis is defined as an inflammation or swelling of the tissue which lines the sinuses. Sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and get filled with fluids, germs (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) can grow and cause an infection. An infection can cause a headache or pressure in the eyes, nose, cheek area. A person who has a sinus infection may also have a cough, a fever, bad breath, and nasal congestion with thick nasal secretions.
As the name suggests ITP is immune thrombocytopenic purpura in which body’s immune system is not able to recognize the platelet cell surface. ITP is made of three words I stands for immune in which immune system of our body remove the platelets, T stands for thrombocytopenia means (thrombocyte is platelet & penia is low count), & P stands for purpura (bleeding of the skin or a characteristic type of bruising. It is a blood disorder that causes decrease in the number of platelets that are the essential cells present in the body to form a blood clot during excessive bleeding.
Psoriasis is defined as a long-lasting autoimmune disease which is characterized by patches of abnormal skin that are usually red, dry, itchy, and scaly. It is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It affects men and women equally and can begin at any age, but it is most common between the age of 15-35 years and again between 50-60 years. Psoriasis is commonly associated with several other conditions, including- type 2 diabetes, inflammatory bowel syndrome, heart diseases, psoriatic arthritis, etc.
There are three main types of arthritis rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, & gout. Most of the people don’t have any idea about all of them. So let’s start with the complete knowledge of osteoarthritis. It is a degenerative joint disorder that is very common among older people. Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage cushions the end of bones causing wear and tear with time. The joint loses its normal shape with time small bone spurs & its deposits are formed on the edges of the joints. This disorder affects the joints of hands, hips, knees, & spine that cause excessive pain.
A condition of the eye in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy is called cataract. This causes vision to worsen, making it especially difficult to see fine details clearly. Some people’s vision is only slightly affected, whereas others might lose their eyesight very quickly. Its progression will depend on things like the exact type of cataract.
Cataracts mostly affect people over 50, and the risk increases with age: About 20 out of 100 people between the ages of 65 and 74 have a cataract.
A Person is considered to have diarrhea if a person has loose stools three or more times a day. Diarrhea is a condition in which loose, watery stools (bowel movement) appear. Acute diarrhea is a condition that lasts a short time. It is a common problem that usually lasts about one or two days. Then it goes away on its own.
Leucoderma is defined as the appearance of white patches over the face, scalp and genital area due to a gradual loss of skin pigment known as melanin pigment. It generally starts from a small spot that later spreads into patches. Over time, due to continuous loss of melanin pigment, the patches become whiter and start merging with one another thereby creating a broad patch. Most of the skin changes might become noticeable around the age of 10-30 years.
Insomnia is defined as a sleep disorder. It is a condition of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number of factors, such as difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep. Many sources also add the presence of associated daytime impairments, such as fatigue, irritability, decreased memory, concentration, and pervasive malaise affecting many aspects of daytime functioning.
The Liver is the most important organ in the body that plays a vital role. It helps in the metabolism of food consumed by our body. There are many liver disorders one among them is jaundice a disease formed due to the production of too much bilirubin in the body. The bilirubin is a yellow pigment that causes a breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. When old red blood cells are destroyed the oxygen-carrying cells are released in the blood. The disease jaundice occurs when there is the destruction of red blood cells & the elimination of bilirubin.
Asthma is defined as a condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell thus produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. This disease is minor but in some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening condition. Asthma is common in boys during childhood as compared to girls. But it can affect both girls & boys.