Leucoderma is defined as the appearance of white patches over the face, scalp and genital area due to a gradual loss of skin pigment known as melanin pigment. It generally starts from a small spot that later spreads into patches. Over time, due to continuous loss of melanin pigment, the patches become whiter and start merging with one another thereby creating a broad patch. Most of the skin changes might become noticeable around the age of 10-30 years.
Insomnia is defined as a sleep disorder. It is a condition of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number of factors, such as difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep. Many sources also add the presence of associated daytime impairments, such as fatigue, irritability, decreased memory, concentration, and pervasive malaise affecting many aspects of daytime functioning.
The Liver is the most important organ in the body that plays a vital role. It helps in the metabolism of food consumed by our body. There are many liver disorders one among them is jaundice a disease formed due to the production of too much bilirubin in the body. The bilirubin is a yellow pigment that causes a breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. When old red blood cells are destroyed the oxygen-carrying cells are released in the blood. The disease jaundice occurs when there is the destruction of red blood cells & the elimination of bilirubin.
Asthma is defined as a condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell thus produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. This disease is minor but in some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening condition. Asthma is common in boys during childhood as compared to girls. But it can affect both girls & boys.
IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome) also called as irritable colon or spastic colon, mucous colitis. It is associated with significant health care and economic burden. IBS can also severely compromise a person’s quality of life. IBS is best understood as a long term recurrent disorder of gastrointestinal functioning. It usually involves the large intestine and small intestine. This inconvenience can produce symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, gastritis, and a change in a bowel routine.
Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of a menstrual period in a woman during her reproductive age. Women who missed her three menstrual periods are dealing with amenorrhea problem. It is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant, and post-menopausal females. The physiological state of amenorrhea is seen most commonly during pregnancy and lactation. Apart from the reproductive years, there is an absence of menses during childhood and after menopause.
Women are facing many gynecological problems in their lives. One of them is endometriosis that is becoming common. It is considered as a painful disorder in which the endometrium grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis involves ovaries, tissue lining of the pelvis, & fallopian tubes in women. In endometriosis, the endometrial tissue gets thicken, bleed, & breakdown with each menstrual cycle. As these displaced tissues have no exit it gets trapped in the body. Finally, endometriomas are formed when endometriosis involves cysts & ovaries.
Epilepsy is a medical condition that affects the central nervous system. In other words, it is also known as a Seizure disorder. In this nerve cell activity in the brain gets disturbed. Anyone can develop epilepsy, but it’s more common in young children and older adults. It occurs slightly more common in males than in females. Epilepsy affects more than 50 million people worldwide.
What is Diabetes Mellitus?
It is a serious disease in which a person’s body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood. Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by the impaired ability of the body to produce or responds to insulin. Thereby maintain the proper level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Presently, environmental factors play a role in the etiopathogenesis of diabetes. Polluted air, soil, water, unhealthy diet, stress, lack of physical activity, vitamin –D deficiency, exposure to enteroviruses, and damage to the immune cells are responsible for Diabetes mellitus.
When we heard about dengue fever it makes us scary as we lose whole energy and have a high-grade fever. Dengue fever is transmitted by a mosquito named as Aedes mosquito. It is a viral fever that is related to the viruses that cause yellow fever. This fever is most common in Western Pacific Island & Southeast Asia. Dengue fever can affect anyone but is more severe in people with compromised immunity.